Gum Disease Around Dental Implants
Gum disease can occur around dental implants. It is characterized by bleeding and swelling of the gum tissue.
Peri-implant mucositis is an inflammatory reaction that is confined to the soft tissues surrounding the implant, with no supporting bone loss. This can be reversible with early intervention. Non-surgical cleaning and disinfection is often the treatment.
Peri-implantitis is similar to periodontitis, as it has tissue inflammation as well as progressive bone loss. Treatment of this often requires surgical intervention to control the infection, detoxify the implant surface and regenerate bone when possible.
Risk factors include:
- Previous gum disease
- Poor plaque control
- Residual cement around restoration
- Genetic factors
- Heavy occlusal (biting) forces
- Implant and/or restoration design
Daily cleaning to remove the plaque is essential to a healthy mouth and can help to prevent gingival disease around implants. Regular trips to the dentist for cleanings and examinations can lead to early diagnosis and treatment.